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The actions included in the program respond to three axes of action:

  1. Advice, training and technical training to town councils:

    •  Advice on drafting a municipal ordinance.

    •  Tools for efficient program management: mapping of possible breeding points,

      technical advice and civic and environmental training and evaluation of larval controls.

  2. Information. Dissemination and awareness of the population:

    •  Educational program for schoolchildren.

    •  Information campaigns in the media.

    •  Pedagogical and awareness actions.

    •  Creation of a network of volunteers to find out about the activity of adult mosquitoes in the municipality.

  3. Surveillance and coordination

                 Entomological surveillance actions to know the expansion of the mosquito and the existing population density, and to coordinate the necessary control actions.


Development of actions:

  1. a) Cartography: The municipalities that want to have the cartography of the breeding points in public space and

    who have not applied for it in previous years, can request it from SIMSAP. Once made, it is

    holds a technical session to deliver it to the town hall and explain the information gathered.

  2. b) Calendar of actions: the provider of the program contacts the municipal interlocutors to establish the calendar. Municipalities wishing to contact the supplier, the Mosquito Control Service of the Bay of Roses and the Baix Ter, to explain their situation and to assess the actions to be taken, can do so by telephone (972 451 231) or by mail

    electronic (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.).

  3. c) Technical dossier: a technical dossier is drawn up with the actions carried out in the municipalities and their results. This data will be included in the annual performance report of the program.

  4. d) Educational project: the Mosquito Control Service gets in touch with schools

    to offer the educational project, which will be carried out in all schools that request it.

 

Who has the responsibility in fighting the tiger mosquito?

Under current legislation, municipalities have an obligation to control urban pests within their municipality in order to ensure public health. Dipsalut, in collaboration with the Voluntary Intermunicipal Association of Mosquito Control Service of the Bay of Roses and the Baix Ter, supports them in this task by offering programs such as surveillance, monitoring and control of the tiger mosquito. In the case of this particular pest, there is also the involvement of supra-municipal bodies because the insect can be a transmitter of disease.
In 2010, under the direction of the Department of Health of the Generalitat de Catalunya, the creation of the “Inter-institutional Commission for the prevention and control of the tiger mosquito in Catalonia” was promoted, which brings together all those institutions and control services that they are acting against the tiger mosquito in different parts of the territory with the aim of participating jointly in the elaboration of a strategy at the level of Catalonia that establishes common areas of action for the different existing initiatives.

In April 2011, the results of the commission’s work were made public in the document “Strategy for the prevention and control of the tiger mosquito in Catalonia”.

 

Expansion of the tiger mosquito

The tiger mosquito is already present on all continents. Globalization and the transport of goods have allowed this dipteran to colonize the world. It first appeared in Europe in 1979, in Albania. It gradually spread to Italy, France, the former Yugoslavia, Belgium, Hungary, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Greece ... In 2004, it was detected for the first time in Catalonia, specifically in Sant Cugat del Vallès.
Currently, the tiger mosquito is established in more than 180 Catalan municipalities. In the demarcation of Girona it has been detected in all counties, except La Cerdanya, and continues to expand. This mosquito has been shown to spread more to those areas where there is more traffic.